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Introduction to Solid Waste Recycling

5400LE per Course join now
  • Course Code: fhg52470
  • Lectures: 08
  • Duration: 02 Hrs
  • Quizzes: 04
  • Skill Level: All
  • Languages: English
  • Students: 1205
  • Assessments: Self
  • Class Days: Mo, We, Fr
Objectives:
Help the interested and involved parties in understanding the full dimensions of solid waste recycling, its cycle, its levels that have to be addressed every time we conduct a study on Solid Waste Recycling, its relationship with the other services and utilities in the community and sample of the current and future projects.
 
Contents:
First Day:
Introduction to the Program
Definitions of Solid Waste Management (SWM)
Classification of SWM
Sources of Municipal Waste 
Special Wastes:
•    Home Appliances and Furniture
•    Construction and Demolition (C&D)
•    Sewage Sludge
•    Auto Waste (including Rubber Tiers)
•    Electronic Waste 
•    Dead Animals
•    Trees and other Garden Waste
Hazardous Household Wastes
Cycle of Municipal Solid Waste:
Generation:
•    Rate (Kg/P/D)
•    Composition
•    Density
•    Other Characteristics
Primary Storage:
•    Home
•    Gate
•    Street (Pooling Site)
Collection:
•    Ordinary (Regular)
•    Selective
•    Special
•    Waste Collection in the Architectural Designs 
•    Frequency
Street Cleaning (Sweeping)
•    Manual
•    Mechanical
Other Municipal Services:
•    Street Washing
•    Washing of Public Facilities
Transportation:
•    Routing / Time Estimation
•    Sort / Capacity / Mechanism 
Secondary Storage (Transfer Stations):
•    Necessity
•    Design
Treatment:
•    Shredding
•    Compaction
Disposal
•    Incineration
•    Recycling
•    Land filling
The Levels That Governs Solid Waste Management:
•    Technical
•    Financial
•    Social
•    Administrative
•    Legal
•    Institutional
•    Environmental
Problems that Facing Solid Waste Management:
(Following the same levels) 
Waste Reduction Techniques
•    Clean technology
•    Reuse
Recycle through:
•    Sorting of Waste
•    At Source (Western System / Egyptian System)
•    Informal Sorting (Street / Dumpsite Scavenging)
•    Zabbaleen System Sorting
•    Sorting at Sorting Centers / Composting Plants
•    Selective Waste Collection
•    Recycling Centers
•    Small and Micro Enterprises (SME)
•    Extended Producers Responsibilities 
Second Day:
Typical Waste Recycling Techniques for Some Waste Materials:
•    Organic Waste
•    Composting
-    Aerobic Waste Composting
-    Anaerobic Waste Composting
•    Construction Material Production
-    MDF / HDF and Other Alloys
•    Fuel
-    Bio-Gas
-    RDF (Constraints for RDF)
•    Fodder (Animal Food)
Plastic
•    Secondary Sorting (Unification of Polymers and Colors)
•    Cutting 
•    Washing and Rinsing 
•    Granulation / Agglomeration
•    Pelletizing
•    Recycling
-    Injection
-    Blow
-    Extrusion
Glass
•    Reuse (in the Original and Other Uses) 
•    Molding (as Part of the Daily Patch / as a Sole Raw Material)
•    Handicrafts (Stained Glass) 
•    Granulation
-    Aggregate for Water & Wastewater Treatment Plants 
-    Sand for Decoration and Paints
-    Tiles (Wall / Roof)
Third Day:
Field Visit:
•    Transfer station 
•    Composting Plant
•    Plastic or Metal Recycling Plant (Private)
Fourth Day:
Metals
•    Ferrous
-    Final Products (Casting)
-    Semi Final Products (Casting Ingots / Rolling)   
•     Non Ferrous
-    Casting 
Rubber
•    Reuse
-    Kindergartens
-    Protecting Boats and Platforms
•    Works from Waste Rubber
-    Protecting Automotive Body
-    Door Mates  
-    Flower Pots
-    Chair Bases
-    Slippers 
-    Gravel Containers
-    Elastic Strings
-    Rubber Fillers and Joints
-    Birds / Fish Breeding 
•    De-Vulcanization, Vulcanization and Remolding
•    Granulation:
-    Aggregate for Wastewater Treatment Plants
-    Powder for Runways and Soft Roads
Bones:
•    Handicrafts
•    Animal Fodder
•    Extract Fat / Gelatin 
•    Produce Activated Carbon
Dimensions and Relationships of SWM with Other Services and Utilities:
Marketing
•    Demand / Supply
Economy
•    Export / Import
Labor
•    Availability
•    Skills
Laws and Regulations
•    Environment
•    Labor
•    Standards of Industrial Products
Industry
•    Raw Materials (Quantity / Quality)
•    Production Techniques
Agriculture
•    Compost
•    Irrigation Facilities
Trade and Counter Trade
•    Waste / Pollution Transfer (Producer Responsibility)
•    Exchange of Resources
Fifth Day:
Businesses Relevant To SW Recycling:
•    Waste Exchange (Local)
•    Stock Market (Local / External)
•    Advanced Technology
•    Energy
Case Studies:
•    Cairo (The Zabbaleen – Sorting and Recycling)
•    Cairo (Helwan – Sorting of Household Waste at Source)
•    Sinai (Nweba'a – Sorting of Hotel Waste at Source)
•    Uganda – Kampala (Women in Waste Management – Sorting of Market Waste at Source)
•    China (Waste Vendors)
•    USA and European  (Sorting, Waste Exchange, Stock Market, Recycling and Land filling)
Trainees Participation:
•    Short Presentations to their Cases
•    Analysis to their Cases
•    Proposals
•    Conclusion and Recommendations
 
Target group:
Municipality Managers, SWM Engineers and Practitioners, Community Leaders, SME Operators and Candidates, Waste Recycling Candidates Operators, Lending Banks and Funding Agencies, Fellows of Environmental Studies. 
 
Language:
•    The materials for the trainees will be in English.
•    The language of instruction should be in Arabic / English.

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